IUCN Red List Status: Critically Endangered
The smallest subspecies of tiger, the Sumatran Tiger is indigenous to the Indonesian island of Sumatra alone. Fewer than 400 individuals remain in the wild. Unlike some other big cats, they rely heavily on camouflage as opposed to speed when hunting their prey. Habitat destruction and poaching are the two largest threats to the Sumatran tiger – they are in high demand in the illegal wildlife trade and their habitat is being destroyed to make way for oil palm, acacia, and coffee plantations.